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World Heritage Site Maintenance: Brazil National Congress, Brasilia

Nuno Dinis Cortiços
Faculty of Architecture, University of Lisbon, Portugal

Abstract—Two entities for rehabilitation e refurbishment, Infrastructure Secretariat (SINFRA) of Federal Senate, under the Commission of Directors and the Technical Department (DETEC), overseen by the Board of Directors of the House of Representatives. The existing condition: one building with two different bodies, with similar goals; an ideal architectural condition, in its class. The Entities have identical tasks for different areas, and assume diverse technical positions to achieve their objectives. Although with similar management frame, financial resources, organizational and coordination structures, divergent options are taken when necessities are verified, in common and shared areas: as to evaluation and methodology, when establishing priorities, in particular; tasks and works preparation, correct technical supervision, proper rehabilitation/retrofit in construction condition and building modernization, in general. Nowadays, the entities, SINFRA and DEMAP, directly related to the building maintenance and refurbishment, which dictate the desirable technical condition, failed. The Institutions diverge on strategy, coordination policies and work definition, specially, in common areas (external and internal — shared). The actions taken to fulfill the contemporaneity requirements, by Brazil's Government Representatives, through procedures manuals, produced separately, by DETEC and SINFRA, have a direct impact on the architecture. Indoors spaces have a distinct treatment, when it comes to established goals: approaches that corrupt the original floor plan. In the exterior, some interventions changed, although slightly, the perception of the original composition.
Index Terms—Brasilia, building, construction, construction procedures and coordination, materials’ performance, Oscar Niemeyer, Palace do National Congress, refurbishment and rehabilitation, preservation and maintenance

Cite: Nuno Dinis Cortiços, "World Heritage Site Maintenance: Brazil National Congress, Brasilia," International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp.318-328, November 2017. doi: 10.18178/ijscer.6.4.318-328