Home > Published Issues > 2014 > Volume 3, No. 1, February 2014 >

Experimental Investigation on Cement Stabilized Soil Blocks

A R Veena1, P Siva Kumar2, and Eapen Sakaria3
1. SAINTGITS College of Engineering, Kottayam, India 686532
2. CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, CSIR Campus, Taramani, Chennai, India 600113
3. Department of Civil Engineering, SAINTGITS College of Engineering, Kottayam, India 686532

Abstract—Homelessness in India has been a problem for centuries. Our Indian government's planning report says about 78 million people are homeless in India, despite the country's growing global economic stature. This study finds a way to produce a sustainable product for the development of our society. One of the applications of soil cement is SSB; in this study laterite soil is used to fabricate the stabilized soil blocks. The mix proportions are calculated and the blocks have been casted and cured for 28 days. Materials such as Fly Ash and Quarry Dust are also used to reduce the usage of cement and soil contents in various proportions were examined to arrive a cost effective and sustainable bricks. About 10% to 30% of materials are replaced to Prepared Block. The size of block is maintained as 20 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm. The Compressive Strength Test, Water Absorption Test and Block Density Test are carried out to determine the behavior of soil with cement and water. The cost of production and energy audit by the soil blocks has been analyzed. The obtained results are compared with the current codal provision and the national building code of India and found that the developed laterite bricks are commercially competitive with improved strength. 

Index Terms—laterite soil, fly ash, quarry dust

Cite: A R Veena, P Siva Kumar, and Eapen Sakaria, "Experimental Investigation on Cement Stabilized Soil Blocks," International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 44-53, February 2014.