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Applications of GIS in Infrastructure Project Management

Sandip N Palve
University of Pune, India

Abstract—Developing countries face unique challenges with the design, construction and operations of new infrastructure. Nations with mature infrastructure have followed traditional technology models for planning, design, construction and operation of facilities. With GIS technology, the development of new infrastructure will follow new technology models eliminating data redundancy, miscommunication, and costly conversion when moving through the planning, design, construction, and operation of infrastructure data. Specific site data requirements for the design and construction of infrastructure are developed for quality engineering design and to minimize and accurately predict construction costs. GIS provides the central data system for the process of developing and constructing infrastructure gives the engineers a common means to communicate geospatial data, maintain current data, and allow iterative design/data collection procedures without exchanging data files of differing format, version, and content. Due to superior spatial data handling capabilities, Geographic Information System (GIS) technology is increasingly being considered for implementation in many infrastructure projects. 

Index Terms—GIS, planning, applications, geospatial data, infrastructure projects

Cite: Sandip N Palve, "Applications of GIS in Infrastructure Project Management," International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 110-122, November 2013.