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The Architectural Typology Analysis of Han Traditional Courtyard in Northeast China

Zhang Fengjie
School of Architecture & Urban Planning, HUST, China

Manuscript received May 11, 2020; revised May 27, 2020; accepted September 1, 2020 ;issue published February 19, 2021.

Abstract—In the past, the research on traditional dwellings in Northeast China mainly focused on Manchu and Korean ethnic group. There are few researches on the traditional dwellings of the Han nationality. In the vast Northeast China, the courtyard-style residence of the Han nationality has been deposited for thousands of years, and is still the most important living mode in the rural areas of Northeast China today and even in the future. According to typology presents as a stable structural relationship, and the generation and variation of type presents as a procedure and a pattern. In this paper, with the aid of architectural typology rational and scientific analysis method, to establish a system of cognitive concept, based on the commonality and characteristics of architectural form and planar formation, such as the number of rooms , axis relationship, middle wall, depth combination, relationship between the main house and attached house, trying to reveal the northeast Han traditional courtyard inherent law and logic of evolution. Through the architectural typology analysis of the traditional dwellings of the Han nationality in Northeast China, we can find out the stable structural relationship contained in many types and the evolution process of types according to different situation and needs. The study of the Han traditional courtyard in northeast China has great significance for the excavation and inheritance of the regional characteristics of the residential houses in northeast China, and the continuation and development the Chinese traditional culture and spiritual connotation carried by the courtyard house.

Index Terms—Han traditional residences, architectural typology, courtyard

Cite: Zhang Fengjie, "The Architectural Typology Analysis of Han Traditional Courtyard in Northeast China," International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 9-16, February 2021. doi: 10.18178/ijscer.10.1.9-16

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