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Development of Betawi Architecture for Green and Low-Energy Building of Tropical Sub-urban Business Centre in Greater Jakarta

Pita Asih Bekti Cahyanti 1, Adi Utomo Hatmoko 1, Ali Rizak 2, Cahyono Agus 3, , and Kemas Ridwan Kurniawan 4
1. Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering UGM Yogyakarta Indonesia
2. PT Airmas Asri, Jakarta Indonesia
3. Faculty of Forestry UGM Yogyakarta Indonesia
4. Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia Depok Indonesia
Abstract— Jabodetabek or Greater Jakarta is an official and administrative definition of the urban area or megacity surrounding the Indonesia capital city, Jakarta. The population of Jabodetabek, with an area of 6,392 km2, was over 30.0 million by January 2014 or about 11.26% of national population, making it the most populous region in Indonesia. The center of Jakarta is the center of government, culture, education, economy, finance, manufacture and commerce while the sub-urban area became the center of the settlement. It’s causes jam, high cost, wasteful, inefficient, pollution, longer time, uncomforted, high life stress. Restructuring the shifting of the center of business economic activities to the sub-urban areas closed to the residential area is expected to increase amenities, productivity and efficiency. The local special characters of Betawi culture that had been marginalized in Jakarta can be revived in the development of new office centers, shopping and education in sub-urban areas. Wider spatial arrangement and optimal tropical climate can realize harmony of nature, humanity, social, culture, monetary, psychological, spiritual, environment and life for sustainable development.

Index Terms—Betawi, business center, greater Jakarta, local unique architecture, urban areas

Cite: Pita Asih Bekti Cahyanti, Adi Utomo Hatmoko, Ali Rizak, Cahyono Agus, and Kemas Ridwan Kurniawan, "Development of Betawi Architecture for Green and Low-Energy Building of Tropical Sub-urban Business Centre in Greater Jakarta," International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 54-58, February 2019. doi: 10.18178/ijscer.8.1.54-58
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