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A Review of Nanomaterials in Civil Engineering Works

Er. Tanpreet Singh
Department of Civil Engineering, Chandigarh University, Mohali, India

Abstract—The performance of conventional concrete can be improved by applying nanotechnology materials in constructional industry. The properties of materials actually become affected due to particle size at the length scale of nanometer, i.e., 10–9 m, based on this view, researchers have been pursuing to evolve new or alternative materials towards a green and sustainable solution. The Nanotechnology deals at a scale smaller than 100 nm (1 nm = 10-9 m). Due to their reduced size, nanomaterials properties vary considerably from bulk and thus they present exceptional mechanical and physical properties. The engineering of complex structure of cement based materials at nano level will definitely result in new generation of concrete, stronger and more durable with whole range of newly introduced smart properties. The nanotechnology materials have many unique characteristics but their material cost is very expensive due to novelty technology. 

Index Terms—nanotechnologies, nanoscience, concrete and civil engineering materials

Cite: Er. Tanpreet Singh, "A Review of Nanomaterials in Civil Engineering Works," International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 31-35, February 2014.